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 'Axial Resolution' 
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Rental - Intravascular - - Contrast Agents - UltraSound Technician and Technologist Schools - Safety
 
Axial ResolutionMRI Resource Directory:<br> - Image Quality -
 
Axial resolution is the minimum separation between two interfaces located in a direction parallel to the beam (objects above and below each other) so that they can be imaged as two different interfaces. The axial space resolution directly relates with the wave frequency, but higher frequencies have lower penetration into tissues.
The axial resolution is inversely proportional to the frequency of the transducer depending on the size of the patient. The higher the frequency the lower the axial resolution in large patients. This state results from the rapid absorption of the ultrasound energy with lower penetration. Lower frequencies are utilized to increase depth of penetration.
See also Damping.
Radiology-tip.comSpatial Resolution,  Frequency Encoding
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• Related Searches:
    • Lateral Resolution
    • Probe
    • Spatial Resolution
    • Ultrasound Physics
    • Matrix

 Further Reading:
  Basics:
Ultrasound Physics Main differences between Ultrasound and X-rays, Velocity of sound in some Biological MaterialsOpen this link in a new window
   by www.drgdiaz.com    
Physics, instrumentation and basic technique.Open this link in a new window
   by dynamicultrasound.org    
  News & More:
Ultrasound and k-space K-space transforms of elementary geometriesOpen this link in a new window
   by dukemil.egr.duke.edu    
US Resources  
Movies - Online Books - Hospitals - Equipment and Parts - - Intravascular
 
DampingMRI Resource Directory:<br> - UltraSound Physics -
 
Damping is a process, material, design, and mounting technique used to reduce the pulse duration or ringing of the transducer. Special material is applied to the back of the transducer in order to reduce the amplitude and pulse length of the sound wave.
Damping improves axial resolution by reducing pulse length. Thereby the lateral resolution increases.
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 Further Reading:
  News & More:
Ultrasound and k-space K-space transforms of elementary geometriesOpen this link in a new window
   by dukemil.egr.duke.edu    
US Resources  
Directories - Vaginal - Pelvic - Musculoskeletal and Joint - Universities - Carotid
 
Endoscopic UltrasoundMRI Resource Directory:<br> - Endoscopic -
 
(EUS) Endoscopic ultrasound uses a small probe that is inserted in the rectum either through a proctoscope or by itself. During the test biopsies of any suspicious areas are possible. The usual necessary preparation is an enema to empty the rectum. Endoscopic ultrasound provides additional information about rectal polyps, rectal cancer, perianal infection, and sphincter muscle injuries and improves the selection of patients for local excision.
Transrectal echography using a high-frequency transducer is a well established method for preoperative rectal carcinoma assessment.
Endoscopic scanning is limited by the ultrasound physics (depth and axial resolution) of the endocavitary probe. Therefore, the combination of endoscopic and transcutaneous ultrasound is most favorable.
Radiology-tip.comComputed Tomography Enterography
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Radiology-tip.comGastrointestinal Imaging
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• View the news results for 'Endoscopic Ultrasound' (2).



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Abdominal - Vaginal - Artifacts - Renal - Liver - Veterinary UltraSound
 
FrequencyMRI Resource Directory:<br> - UltraSound Physics -
 
(F) The number of cycles of a periodic process per unit time. Frequency and wavelength are inversely related. The higher the frequency the smaller the wavelength. The frequency of ultrasound is expressed in units of hertz (Hz), where 1 Hz = 1 cycle per second.
The effect of different frequencies on tissue penetration:
The higher the frequency the less the penetration, the lower the frequency the greater the penetration. As frequency increases, resolution improves but the imaging depth or penetration decreases. The lower the axial resolution, the more detail can be seen.
Usual frequencies for pediatric ultrasound: 5.0mHz to 7.5mHz and 10mHz.
Usual frequencies for adult ultrasound: 2.0mHz to 3.0mHz.
See also Doppler Interrogation Frequency, Multi-frequency Probe, and Huygens Principle.
Radiology-tip.comFrequency
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Radiology-tip.comFrequency
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• View the news results for 'Frequency' (6).



 Further Reading:
  Basics:
An Introduction to UltrasoundOpen this link in a new window
   by www.cis.rit.edu    
  News & More:
Normal Ultrasound of the SpineOpen this link in a new window
   by rad.usuhs.mil    
US Resources  
Liver - Contrast Agents - Corporations - RIS - Education pool - Vascular
 
Pulse Inversion ImagingInfoSheet: - Modes - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.MRI Resource Directory:<br> - Modes -
 
(PII) Pulse inversion imaging (also called phase inversion imaging) is a non-linear imaging method specifically made for enhanced detection of microbubble ultrasound contrast agents. In PII, two pulses are sent in rapid succession into the tissue; the second pulse is a mirror image of the first. The resulting echoes are added at reception. Linear scattering of the two pulses will give two echoes which are inverted copies of each other, and these echoes will therefore cancel out when added.
Linear scattering dominates in tissues. Echoes from linear scatterers such as tissue cancel, whereas those from gas microbubbles do not. Non-linear scattering of the two pulses will give two echoes which do not cancel out completely due to different bubble response to positive and negative pressures of equal magnitude. The harmonic components add, and the signal intensity difference between non-linear and linear scatterers is therefore increased. The resulting images show high sensitivity to bubbles at the resolution of a conventional image.
In harmonic imaging, the frequency range of the transmitted pulse and the received signal should not overlap, but this restriction is less in pulse inversion imaging since the transmit frequencies are not filtered out, but rather subtracted. Broader transmit and receive bandwidths are therefore allowed, giving shorter pulses and improved axial resolution, hence the alternative term wideband harmonic imaging. Many ultrasound machines offer some form of pulse inversion imaging.
See also Pulse Inversion Doppler, Narrow Bandwidth, Dead Zone, Ultrasound Phantom.
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US Resources  
Modes - Preferential Sites - Liver - 4d UltraSound - Ultrasound Therapy - Pelvic
 
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 • Spatial Resolution
 • Lateral Resolution
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